Phoenix, also known as “Phoenix Emperor”, the king of birds in ancient legends. The male is called “Phoenix” and the female is called “Phoenix”, which is collectively called “Phoenix”. It is also known as the Red Bird, the Firebird, the Pheasant, and the Weifeng. It is often used to symbolize auspiciousness and phoenixes flying together. It is a symbol of good luck and harmony. It has been an important element of Chinese culture since ancient times.

Like the dragon, the phoenix does not exist in the real world. It is an ancient fantasy bird. The dragon is a totem of the Han nationality. Similar legends are found in the history of other East Asian countries. Since the Qin and Han Dynasties, dragons have gradually become a symbol of the emperor, and the empress concubines began to call the phoenix more than the phoenix.

Although phoenixes exist in the western world like dragons, phoenixes in Chinese culture and phoenix in western culture are not completely equivalent in terms of external image, mythical origin and cultural connotation. Must not be equated with Phoenix.

Phoenix’s corresponding word phoenix in English comes from Greek, meaning red, red is the color of fire, because phoenix and fire have a deep origin, so phoenix is also often called fire phoenix.

In Greek mythology, phoenix is described as a heron. It is a god bird living in the desert of Arabia. It is as large as an eagle, with golden and red feathers, and it is very gorgeous. The ancient Egyptians described phoenix as the size of an eagle, with golden feathers on the whole body, glittering wings, and colorful appearance, and it sounded sweet. In western classical literature, they appear more like peacocks or eagles. The earliest person who described phoenix in detail in the West was the Greek historian Herodotus. He said: “I have not seen it with my own eyes, but I have seen it in painting, and part of its feathers are golden. Part is bright red, looks like a giant eagle, and also has a beautiful singing voice.

The origin of western phoenix is ​​a mixture of Assyrian undead birds and Egyptian sunbirds. The Assyrian undead bird was the first Phoenix legend that Westerners had come into contact with, but although it would be reborn, it was not reborn. The sunbird in Egypt comes from the sun worship. There is only one sunbird in the world, which symbolizes immortality. Like the god bird in India, it is reborn again every 300 to 500 years. It’s just that the appearance of the Egyptian phoenix is ​​not very good. Some people think that the Egyptian sunbird actually came from the east. In the West, the earliest mention of the undead bird was Hesiod, the author of the Greek poet Theogony in the eighth century BC.

The Roman poet Ovid described Phoenix as follows: “Most monsters are derived from other creatures, with one exception, they can be regenerated, and the Assyrians call it Phoenix. Phoenix. Instead of relying on flowers and plants to survive, they feed on frankincense. After five hundred years of birth, it will fall on the oak branch at the top of the palm tree to build a nest for itself, and then go out to collect spices such as cinnamon, pine and myrrh. Into the nest, under his body, when he exhales his last breath, he will quietly die, at this time a new undead bird will fly out of his body, also has five hundred years of life. Wait for this When the undead bird grows up enough to have enough strength, it will raise the parent ’s nest from the tree, head to the city of Heliopolis in Egypt, and put it in the Sun Temple. This nest is its cradle, and it is also The grave of its parents. ”

As Ovid said, Phoenix ’s records are derived from Assyrians, but there are similar myths around the world. In addition to the Chinese Phoenix, there are Japanese (ほ う お う), Russian Firebird (Firebird), Egyptian Sun Birds (Benu), America’s Yel (Yel) and Arabian Anka (Anka), all of these birds have the characteristics of resurrection and have a close relationship with the sun.